Temple of Alexander is about 5 km east of Bawiti, near the Valley of the Golden Mummies. It was built after Alexander the Great visited Bahariya in 332 BC on his way to consult the Oracle of Amoun in Siwa, or most probably after Alexander has recieved his oracle at Siwa which made him the king of Egypt.
The sandstone temple is surrounded by 45 mud-brick rooms and cells, where the priests lived goods and offerings were stored. A one-meter high red granite altar was erected south of the entrance, inscribed with the name of Alexander and now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. In the inner sanctuary Alexander and the mayor who built the temple are shown in bas-relief making offerings to Amoun-Ra and other gods. The reliefs have unfortunately been greatly damaged by desert winds since they were first discovered.