Abusimbel Is one of the most fantastic places in the world which is classified as a world heritage by the UNSECO. It was built by Ramses II who dedicated it to the four national gods of Egypt: Ptah, Ra, Amun, and himself -Ramses II-as a deified king, son of Ra. Besides Karnak, this is the most impressive temple in Egypt not only because of its facade with the four colossi of the pharaoh, but also because of the place itself. The temple seems to be standing lonely in far Nubia , contemplating the sunrise that emerges from the waters of the lake of Nasser , surrounded by the immense desert which seems to be of other epoch and other planet.
Construction of the temple began in approximately 1244 BC and lasted for about 20 years. Being known as the "Temple of Ramses, beloved by Amun", it was one of six rock temples erected in Nubia during the long reign of Ramses II. The facade of the main temple is 32 meters high and 38 meters wide. It is occupied mainly by the four Ramses II colossi, each measuring almost 20 meters, representing him in his throne. At his feet, we can see his wife, his mother and his sons. In the middle of the facade , above the gate , he makes offerings to Ra-Hor-Akhti consisting of a scepter and the feature of justice , Maat , both together with the image of Ra-Hor-Akhti form User-Maat-Ra or the name of Ramses II himself! . 22 baboons, intended to be 24 at the beginning, represent the 24 hours of the day saluting the rising Ra, while beneath, there are all the titles of Ramses II as a god and king of Upper and Lower Egypt: Horus, The Strong Bull, etc. In the entrance, on both bases of the colossi, we can see the traditional scene of the Nile god -Hapi- tying the lotus and the papyrus as a symbol of unifying Egypt, and beneath him, there are submitted Africans and Asiatic prisoners.