The pride of the Mediterranean!! Alexandria is the second capital city of Egypt with a population of 4.1 million, extending about 32 km (20 mi) along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country; it is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. It is Egypt's largest seaport, serving approximately 80% of Egypt's imports and exports. Alexandria is also an important tourist resort. It is home to the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (the new Library of Alexandria). It is an important industrial centre because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez. Alexandria was founded around a small Pharaonic town c. 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It remained Egypt's capital for nearly a thousand years, until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641, when a new capital was founded at Fustat (Fustat was later absorbed into Cairo). Alexandria was known because of its Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; its library (the largest library in the ancient world); and the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, one of the Seven Wonders of the middle Ages. Ongoing maritime archaeology in the harbor of Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealing details of Alexandria both before the arrival of Alexander, when a city named Rhacotis existed there, and during the Ptolemaic dynasty.
From the late 19th century, Alexandria became a major centre of the international shipping industry and one of the most important trading centers in the world, both because it profited from the easy overland connection between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, and the lucrative trade in Egyptian cotton.
Alexandria Things to do, Find activities to do in Alexandria, Alexandria tour options, places to visit, A full Alexandria travel guide. Find what meets your expectations and specifications and book your tours with us. Contact us: .
In the second largest city of Egypt, there is a bunch of places to visit. For history buffs, there you find the ancient Roman amphitheater, the catacombs, the Bombay's pillar, the tombs known as the tombs of Mustafa Kamel, and the fort of Qaytbay. Also the city offers some younger places to visit such as Montazah palace from the 20th century, Ras Elteen palace, the mosque of Abulabbas, and the Bebliothiqa.
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Alexandria day trips featuring visits to all the classical sites and attractions of Alexandria, visits to the citadel and fortress of Qaytbay, Bombay's pillar, the catacombs of Kom Elshokafa, the Roman amphitheater, the Montazah palace and gardens, and the Bibliotheca Alexandrina.
Alexandria is an old city built by Alexander the great in the 4th century B.C. As the second largest city of Egypt, Alexandria has some attractions that you need two full days to tour them. The Roman amphitheater, the catacombs, the Bombay's pillar, and the fort of Qaytbay are just some of what the city has to offer.
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